ART AND CULTURE OF INDIA

India is a land of great cultural diversity, as is evidenced by the enormous number of different languages spoken throughout the country. Although Hindi (spoken in the north) and English (the language of politics and commerce) are used officially, more than 1,500 languages and dialects are spoken. The Indian constitution recognizes 15 regional languages (Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu). Ten of the major states of India are generally organized along linguistic lines.

Art and Culture of Rajasthan :
Rajasthan is among the richest states in the country as far as the field of arts and crafts is concerned. May be it was a result of the war like lifestyle of the people of Rajasthan which sharpened the creative senses, artistic skills and inspired them to create the most opulent and richest of treasures. Stone, clay, leather, wood, ivory, lac, glass, brass, silver, gold and textiles were given the most brilliant forms. For women their was infinite variety -- tie and dye fabrics, embroidered garments, enamel jewellery inlayed with precious and semi-precious stones, leather jootis etc. Declines of patronage in the Mugal court at Delhi artists moved to a more congenial environment and were welcomed by the rulers of Rajasthan. Rajasthani school (1550-1900 AD) of paintings, murals, miniatures came into existance. Frescoe paintings was done on the walls of palaces at Jaipur, Udaipur, Bikaner and Jodhpur.
Dance and Music of Rajasthan :
The people of Rajasthan have their own ways to celebrate the evening are the long day of hard work in the sun. The much-needed entertainment is provided by the folk music and dance. The females participate equally in these refreshing activities. The performers who have inherited the talent perform the soul stirring music of Rajasthan for the people. Both music as well as dance is respected as skills by the dwellers of the desert. The 'Dholis' or the singing community of Rajasthan are popular both at the domestic and international levels.The Ghoomar dance performed by the females of Rajasthan is another unique art form.
Rajasthani Food and Drink :
It is rightly said that the Indians live to eat and the people of Rajasthan are no exception. The cuisine of Rajasthan has its own fair share of the traditional dishes and specialties. The ingredients in the dishes are as per the availability of vegetation of the state. The focus is on buttermilk and clarified butter instead of water, owing to the latter's scarcity. Delicacies like the kebabs and the curries were introduced into the royal menu as a result of the influence of the Mughals.
Traditions of Rajasthan :
In Rajasthan, the spectacular is commonplace. Many civilizations forged by waves of settlers ranging from ancient Indus Valley urbanites to pastoral Aryan herdsmen, Bhil forest dwellers, Jain merchant princes, Jat and Gujjar cultivators, Muslim craftsmen, and the Rajput warrior aristocracy have all shaped this region called the land of kings. Colorful costumes, festivals, and customs relieve the tedium of coping with a harsh, demanding land. People come here to savor its splendors, and imbibe its enviable heritage. Discover it all in the fairs and festivals like Pushkar and Desert Festival, dances like Kalbelia, Rajasthani cuisine, and crafts of Rajasthan
In Rajasthan, the spectacular is commonplace.
Music in India
Music, inspired perhaps by the whistles of the wind or the splash of the waves, chirping of the birds or may be falling of the rain, exists on this land since the existence of humanity. They designed many musical instruments and innumerable ragas. Then developed different notes for different times, seasons and feelings. Different regions developed their own style of singing, not following the ragas but their own tunes and taking the lyrics in their own language and themes from their day-to-day life. One of the powerful attractions in India is the colorful and diversified attire of its people. The silk saris, brightly mirrored cholis, colorful lehangas and the traditional salwar-kameez have fascinated many a traveler over the centuries.
Indian dressing
Indian dressing styles are marked by many variations, both religious and regional and one is likely to witness a plethora of colors, textures and styles in garments worn by the Indians. Indian dance is a blend of nritta - the rhythmic elements, nritya - the combination of rhythm with expression and natya - the dramatic element. Most Indian dances take their themes from India's rich mythology and folk legends. Hindu gods and goddesses like Vishnu and Lakshmi, Rama and Sita, Krishna and Radha are all depicted in classical Indian dances. Each dance form also draws inspiration from stories depicting the life, ethics and beliefs of the Indian people.

   
 
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