JODHPUR CITY TRAVEL Guide

About Jodhpur

Jodhpur city at the edge of the Thar desert was once the capital of the Marwar state , it was founded in 1459 A.D. by Rao Jodha-chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs who claimed to be descendants of Rama - the epic hero of the Ramayana. The Maruthal or land of death , came into life when the Rathore' of Kanauj moved in. But the city of Jodhpur was founded by Rao Jodhaji in 1459. This city was on the silk route of the 16th century and hence was host to a number of travellers.

A major trade centre of the 16th century A.D. the fortress-city of Jodhpur is now the second largest city of Rajasthan. The massive fort on the top of the rocky hill which is in the middle of the town. The old Jodhpur city is surrounded by a 10 Km long wall with eight gates serving as entrances. The new city is settled around this walled area.

In Jodhpur, the genius of its sculptors comes to life in its exquisite palaces, forts, temples and havelis which stand as a testimony to the imperial grandeur. The most alluring part of Jodhpur is the traditional lifestyle, festivity and the smiling people who treasure this former Princely state.

Shopping  in Jodhpur
Shopping in Jodhpur bazaars is a unique experience which offers a colorful display of the rich collection of exquisite handicrafts. The Sadar Market near the clock tower gives immense shopping pleasure to the local as well as the visitors.
The colourful but hectic bazaar consists of many narrow lanes, lined with tiny shops.
Look for the tie & dye textiles, embroidered leather shoes, lacquer ware, antiques, carpets and puppets.
Here one can buy exquisite Rajasthani textiles, clay figurines, miniature camels and elephants, marble inlay work and classic silver jewellery.

Best Season to Visit Jodhpur
Jodhpur has extreme type of climate with temperature range variation being very high. Average rainfall is 32 cm annually. Therefore the best season to visit the city is between October and March.

Close on Heels
Ajmer - 205 kms
Bikaner - 256 Kms
Jaisalmer - 285 Kms
Udaipur - 318 Kms

Marwar Festival
This festival falls in the 2nd week of October. It is a festival devoted mainly to the music and dance of the Marwar region. This is a festival that allows the visitor to understand and enjoy the folk traditions of this part of the state.

PLACE TO SEE IN JODHPUR:

Mehrangarh Fort
This very impressive fort is situated on a steep hill 125 metre high and is 5 km long. This fort which is invincible from outside has four gates approached by a winding road.

This fort encloses many palaces which are known for their intricate carvings and sprawling courtyards. These palaces house a fabulous collection of trappings of Indian royalty including a superb collection of palanquins, elephant hawdahs, miniature paintings of various schools, musical instruments, costumes and furniture.

The Moti Mahal-- has a delicately carved stone screen and treasures the Sringar Chowki, royal throne of Jodhpur.

The Phool Mahal--houses the Jodhpur coat of arms. The walls of this palace are covered with paintings depicting various musical moods.

The Umaid Villas-- displays the Rajput miniature paintings .

The Ajit Villas-- exhibits musical instruments and the royal costumes.
Both these villas are joined by a beautiful mirror room.

The Maan Villas-- displays Rathore armoury and the 'Tent room'. This tent room is an imperial Mughal campaign tent, used by Shahjahan but wrested by Jaswant Singh from Aurangzeb in a battle. Made of red velvet and embroidered with gold thread, it gives some idea of the grandeur with which the Mughals approached even their battles.

Jaswant Thada
This royal cenotaph in white marble built in 1899 A.D is a memorial to Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Some rare portraits of the rulers of Jodhpur are also displayed here

Umaid Bhawan Palace
This palace is the only 20th century palace, and it was build under the famine relief project that gave employment to famine struck population. It took 16 whole year to get this palace completed. This palace is made out of a particular type of sandstone which does not weather away. It is still the residence of the former rulers , but a part of palace has been converted into a hotel and some remaining part serves as a museum.

Girdikot and Sardar Market
These colourful markets are a shoppers delight.
This market is situated in the heart of the city and has many tiny shops dotting its narrow lanes. This market is known for its range of handicrafts.

Museum
This museum situated in the middle of the Umaid public gardens, has a rich collection of weapons, textiles, miniature portraits, local crafts and images of Jain Tirthankars.

Excursions from Jodhpur

Balsamand Lake and Gardens
This artificial lake, built in 1159 A.D, which is 7 kms from the main city is a very good picnic spot. There is a beautiful summer palace on the banks which has a lovely garden. Also there is a bird sanctuary here.

Mandore
This ancient capital of Marwar is situated 8 kms away from Jodhpur city in the north direction. It has 'The hall of Heroes' where sixteen huge figures have been carved out of a single rock. It also has the shrine of 330 million Gods and the royal cenotaphs. But one can not miss the caves and the sprawling gardens, which are now shelter place for monkeys and peacocks. This beautiful garden with high rock terraces make it a popular picnic spot.

Mahamandir
Built in 1812 A.D. this is a lovely place which is built around 100 carved pillars of the Shiva temple

Kailana Lake
The beautiful lake is an ideal picnic spot.It also has a lovely garden. It provides water supply to the city.

Osian
This place situated at a distance of 65 kms on the Jodhpur-Bikaner route, was a great trading centre between the 8th and 12th centuries and was then dominated by the Jains. Legends say that this town was founded by Utpaladeva, a Rajput prince of the Pratihara dynasty. It was then known as Ukesha or Upkeshapur. This place once had more than 100 temples but now barely 16 stand and even these have been destroyed by time.

Of all the temples at Ossian which have decayed with time and have even lost images of their deities, there is one temple that has remained somewhat intact, it is the shrine of Sachiyamata on a nearby hillock. Built in 1234 A.D, this temple was dedicated to Durga or Mahisasura Mardini. Today it has become a very important shrine for Jains.

Dhawa
This wildlife sanctuary with the largest number of Indian antelopes, makes it a nice place to visit.

Nagaur
This place has an imposing fort and palace. This town is host to a smaller version of Pushkar Fair. This is a cattle and camel fair and attracts a large number of rurals from far and wide. This week long fair which is held in late January also includes camel races and various cultural programmes.

Rohit Fort
This fort has now been converted into a heritage hotel and is worth visiting.

Luni Fort
This fort has also been converted into a heritage hotel. But its lovely surroundings and impressive structure make it worth visiting.


 
 
 
Copyright Virtual Tours  And Travels India, All Rights Reserved